External Reports

A selection of technical reports of relevance to elephants and their conservation

Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Liberia, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire and Kenya
Proposal To Amend Decision 14.77 On A Decision-Making Mechanism For A Future Trade In Elephant Ivory (2013)
CoP16 Prop 37

The document conveys to the Conference of the Parties concern regarding the escalating and alarming levels of elephant poaching and illegal trade in ivory, urges an application of a precautionary approach when developing the Decision?Making Mechanism (e.g. SC62 Doc 46.4) to ensure that it in no way stimulates, encourages, causes or provokes elephant poaching or illegal ivory trade. To this effect, several proposed amendments to Decision 14.77 are listed.

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Burkina Faso and Kenya
Consideration Of Proposals For Amendment Of Appendices I AND II (2013)
CoP16 Prop 12

This proposal amends the annotation for Loxodonta africana part h to apply the moratorium on new proposals for trade in ivory to any Appendix II populations rather than to populations already in Appendix II (as of CoP14).

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CITES Management Authority of China
Control Of Trade In Ivory In China ()
SC62 Inf. 8

This brief report describes China’s progress in regulating internal trade and combating illegal trade in ivory. It states “In recent years, the collection of arts and crafts, jewelry and antiques, including the ivory carvings, has become fashionable in China and the price of those items has increased significantly. This has stimulated the demand for ivory and brings huge challenge to the Chinese enforcement authorities”. Commentary on the amount of illegal trade occurring in China and the country’s overall efforts to curb the illicit trade is provided, as well as descriptions of some specific regulatory and law enforcement actions taken since 2005.

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CITES Secretariat
Comments From Specified Stakeholders on 'Decision-Making Mechanism' and Necessary Conditions For A Future Trade in African Elephant Ivory (2013)
CoP16 Inf. 5

This document pertains to Decision 14.77 and CoP16 Doc 36; it consists of comments to SC46.4 by the following stakeholders: Botswana, the Central African Republic, China, Cote d’Ivoire, Japan, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United Republic of Tanzania, the United States and Zimbabwe; IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group and MIKE-ETIS TAG members.

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CITES Secretariat
Monitoring The Illegal Killing of Elephants (2013)
CoP16 Doc 53.1

The document includes the MIKE data analysis that was presented at SC62 (which was previously reviewed by the Technical Advisory Group (TAG)) (see SC62 Doc 46.1 described below). A comparison of PIKE values between 2002-2010 and 2011 in African World Heritage sites is included, as well as a section reviewing the implementation of MIKE across Range States.

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Cites Secretariat
Monitoring The Illegal Trade In Ivory And Other Elephant Specimens - Report Of The Secretariat (2013)
CoP16 Doc 53.2.1

This document complements the data and analysis of MIKE (see CoP16 Doc 53.1 and SC62 46.1) and ETIS (see CoP16 Doc 53 2.2), and provides a general overview of enforcement matters affecting elephants, and a number of specific recommendations for combating “crimes against elephants”.

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CITES Secretariat
Interpretation And Implementation Of The Convention, Species Trade And Conservation. Elephant Conservation, Illegal Killing And Ivory Trade (2013)
SC63 Doc 18

This document was produced by the Secretariat to report its follow up with 8 countries that were identified by ETIS as being involved in substantial illegal ivory trade as a source, transit, or destination country. Thailand, China +Hong Kong SAR, Uganda and the Philippines submitted reports prior to the meeting. Kenya submitted a report on the morning of the meeting. Tanzania, Malaysia and Vietnam did not offer any reports. Of note, the Secretariat commends China for the numerous enforcement activities and states that China’s ivory seizures reflect good enforcement efforts, however it also states concern about the large quantities of illegal ivory that seem to be destined for China. Country reports by China, Hong Kong SAR and Thailand are annexed to the report and provide information on their implementation of Resolution Conf. 10.10 (Rev.CoP15) and Decision 13.26 (Rev. CoP15).

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CITES Secretariat
Monitoring The Illegal Killing Of Elephants - Addendum (2013)
CoP16 53.1 Addendum

This document updates trends on MIKE by including data collected in the first 6 months of 2012. Also, the estimate for the scale of illegal killing of elephants in Africa in 2011 is reported as nearly 17,000, with a range of 7,800 to 26,000—this is for MIKE sites only. Approximately 230,000 elephants are in MIKE sites.

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CITES Secretariat
Summary for the record of the 13th session of CoP16, afternoon of March 12 (2013)
CoP16-Com-II-Rec-13

This official CITES summary document reports the discussion at CoP16 on March 12 of three draft decisions concerning monitoring the illegal trade in ivory and other elephant specimens, establishing a Panel of Experts for Appendix I to II transfers, and creating a working group at Standing Committee 64 to work on a decision making mechanism for a process of trade in ivory, as well as one new resolution concerning prioritization of the African Elephant Action Plan and African Elephant Fund, and one resolution revision on Trade in elephant specimens.

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CITES Secretariat
Summary record of the seventh session of Committee II - March 7, 2013, Elephant Issues (2013)
E-Cop16 Com II rec 07

The Secretariat introduced document CoP16 Doc. 26 (Rev. 1) and recognized the excellent work done by the joint Working Group on the Review of Resolution of Conf. 10.10 (Rev. CoP15).

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CITES Secretariat
Summary record of the seventh session of Committee II - March 6, 2013, Elephant Issues (2013)
E-CoP16 Com II Rec 06

Summary record for March 6 (morning session) when elephant documents were discussed.

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CITES Secretariat (Submitted by the Standing Committee, though not fully endorsed by it)
Decision-Making Mechanism for a Process of Trade in Ivory (2013)
CoP16 Doc 36

The Secretariat invited comments on SC62 Doc 46.4 (described below) from specified stakeholders, produced a draft document, which was circulated for further comments to these stakeholders and the Chair of the Standing Committee, and prepared the present document for consideration at CoP16. Various views are offered about what the “decision-making mechanism for a process of trade in ivory under the auspices of the Conference of the Parties” actually entails, indicating that a common understanding of the nature of the mandate in Decision 14.77 is lacking. Based on SC62 Doc 46.4 and comments from stakeholders (CoP16 Inf.5), the Secretariat summarizes the issues that would benefit from further discussion and agreement, including proposed amendments to Decision 14.77. Questions from stakeholders as to whether SC62 Doc 46.6 met the Standing Committee’s original Terms of Reference are not discussed.

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CITES Secretariat and Consultancy for CITES Notification No. 2011/046
Decision-Making Mechanism For Authorizing Ivory Trade & Background Study (2013)
SC62 Doc 46.4 & SC62 Inf.2

On the basis of Decision 14.77, the Secretariat selected a consortium of Africa-based experts led (R. Martin (Zimbabwe), D. Cumming (South Africa), C. Craig (Namibia), D. Gibson (Namibia) and D. Peake (Botswana) to conduct a study, whose draft report here is titled “Decision-making mechanisms and necessary conditions for a future trade in African elephant ivory”. (SC62 Doc 46.4 “Final Report”, 38 pages). The document SC62 Inf.2 is the Background Study for the report (128 pages). The authors describe the history of the ivory trade, the complexity of elephant conservation and current shortcomings of regulations and their implementation to control illegal trade (in Range States and Consumer States alike). Some comparisons of the ivory trade and the trade of other commodities are made...

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CITES Secretariat on the basis of the work of the joint Working Group (submitted by the Standing Committee)
Proposed Revision of the Annotation for Elephants (2013)
CoP16 Doc 26

A new draft revision of the Resolution Conf. 10.10 is provided. The revision that is currently effective (CoP15) is subdivided into sections, each addressing particular aspects of trade in elephant specimens, and are broadly grouped as ivory trade and ivory trade controls, specific monitoring mechanisms, and assistance and resources. At the third African Elephant Meeting, four working groups of the African Range States initiated this draft revision (November 2010) (SC61 Doc. 44.5), which was then completed by a joint working group created by the Standing Committee. Changes recommended reflect a focus on maintenance of government-held ivory stockpiles, tightening controls of illegal trade, especially with regards to unregulated domestic markets, and tracing elephant specimens, with forensic methods for example. Changes to ETIS and MIKE programs are included.

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CITES: Sixteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties Bangkok (Thailand), 3-14 March 2013
Ivory Trade Control in Thailand (2013)
SC62 Doc 46.2

This brief report describes Thailand’s progress in regulating internal trade and combating illegal trade in ivory in order to satisfy requirements of Resolution Conf. 10.10 (Rev CoP15).

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